The United Nations Security Council is one of the six main organs of the United Nations and is the only organ able to take binding decisions. The organ is composed by 5 permanent members (so called P5), China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and 10 non-permanent members which are elected for a 2-years term by the General Assembly. Each member has a single vote, but each member of the P5 has the possibility to veto decisions.
In MUNOTH 2019, the Security Council will be an advanced committee and will include 15 delegations selected on the basis of the 2017 and 2018 elections.
Would you like to be part of the Security Council in MUNOTH 2019? Apply via MyMun before the 29th of March 2019!
- Combating transnational maritime crime
Maritime Crime has been a long-lasting issue, occurring all over the globe. The most well-known cases are those along the East African coast, and various methods have been used to combat it. Today, however, a lot of maritime crime has concentrated in the Gulf of Guinea, as it is an area of abundance of resources. Moreover, many states within the Gulf suffer from corruption, insurgencies, weak governments and poor law enforcement capabilities. These two conditions have led to a significant increase in piracy and other maritime crimes in the area. A distinct characteristic of this area is the practice of ‘oil bunkering’ by pirates; a practice in which they attack and steal the crude oil from ships, to sell in the black market. The broader implications of this are significant, and should be among the topics of discussion during the conference.
- The Yemen Crisis
The Yemen crisis is often referred to as the worst humanitarian crisis in recent times. The issues ranging from civil war, economic sanctions and international involvement to widespread hunger and displacement of people are deeply intertwined and in desperate need for a solution. The ineffective implementation of past agreements and violations of the ceasefire have spoiled the peace in the region and made the access to humanitarian aid almost impossible. The multitude of actors involved have complicated peace negotiations and led to the formation of alliances on all sides. Yemen has reached a hurting stalemate and is calling for international help to stop the human suffering.
- Alberto Løken Nario
“Hello! My name is Alberto Løken Nario and I will be your Chair for the UN Security Council. I was born in Uruguay, raised in Norway and now I study at Leiden University College (LUC) in the beautiful city of The Hague. I am very excited to meet all of you in April, and I am very much looking forward to see how these exciting topics will be dealt with. I am currently in my last year of my undergraduate degree, where I am majoring in World Politics, and minoring in International Justice. Here at LUC I am also on the board of our own MUN delegation, where I have had the wonderful opportunity to help students prepare for various conferences (including MUNOTH). In the past I have participated in several conferences; but this will only be my second time chairing at a University conference. I hope to see all of you as motivated as your chair team! I have always looked at MUNs as a wholesome experience; not only do you learn how to debate and find compromise (skills you need in life), but you make contacts, create friendships, and have wonderful experiences.”
- Jannicke Martin
“Hello! My name is Jannicke Martin and I will be chairing the Security Council. I’m originally from Germany but the beautiful city of The Hague became my home when I started studying International Relations at Leiden University. I am currently in my second year of my undergraduate degree, but I already caught the MUN fever last year during my introduction week. I’ve been participating in several conferences ever since, including Oxford and Harvard. However, this will be my first chairing experience at an University level conference, and I’m very much looking forward to it. MUN has given me true friends, more experiences than I can count, and most importantly the chance to grow as a person. I’m excited for MUNOTH to contribute to this amazing journey.”
“The Security Council is the United Nations’ most powerful body, with “primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.” Five powerful countries sit as “permanent members” along with ten elected members with two-year terms. It dispatches military operations, imposes sanctions, mandates arms inspections, deploys election monitors and more.”
– Global Policy Forum